ISSN: 1906-117X

วารสาร

Life Satisfaction and Happiness of Thai Senior Citizen

Life Satisfaction and Happiness of Thai Senior Citizen

อาชัญญา รัตนอุบล

จุฬาลงกรณ์มหาวิทยาลัย

บทคัดย่อ

Abstract

Thailand has been seen as an aging society since 2005. Thailand also has promoted the concept of “schools for senior citizens” to the community. This concept is promoted in this article to generate better understanding of Thai senior citizen’s learning activities. Schools for the senior citizen can enhance citizen’s self-esteem and dignity. From the in-depth interviews with community leaders and senior citizens in rural areas, the activities in schools for the senior citizens were focused on non-formal and informal learning. In addition, an author employed the Life satisfaction and Happiness instrument which is a self-administrative structured questionnaire survey to eighty-six seniors in rural areas. The understanding of life satisfaction and happiness, which is a state of mind or feelings characterized by pleasure or contentment of a senior citizen’s life, is recognized. Therefore, promoting more variety in learning activities, especially in non-formal and informal learning activities is recommended.

คำสำคัญ

Keywords

Elderly, Happiness, Lifelong learning, Life satisfaction, Senior citizen

เอกสารอ้างอิง

Anantanasuwong, D., and Seenprachawong, U. (2012). Life Satisfaction of the Older Thai: Findings from the Pilot HART. In Smith, J. P., and Majmundar, M. (editors), Aging in Asia: Findings from New and Emerging Data Initiatives. Washington, DC: National Academies Press.
Bradburn, N., and Capolvitz, D. (1965). Reports on Happiness: A Pilot Study of Behavior Related to Mental Health. Chicago: Aldine.
Cameron, R., and Harrison, J. (2012). The interrelatedness of formal, non-formal and informal learning: Evidence from labour market program participants. Australian Journal of Adult Learning 52(2) : 277-309.
Chan, A. C. M., Tang, P. P. K., and Ma, C. H. K. (2010). Ageing Population and Health Care Services in the Asia Pacific Region. In Hofmeister, Wilhelm (editor), Ageing and Politics Consequences for Asia and Europe. Singapore: Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung.
Clemente, F., and Sauer, W. J. (1976). Life satisfaction in the United States. Social Forces 54 : 621-631.
DeGargino, J. P. (2014). The world Health Organization. Geneva, Switzerland.
Diener, E., Emmons, R. A., Larsen, R. J., and Griffin, S. (1985). The satisfaction with life scale. Journal of Personality Assessment 49 : 71-75.
Edwards, J., and Klemmack, D. (1973). Correlates of life satisfaction: A re-examination. Journal of Gerontology 28 : 497-502.
Foundation of Thai Gerontology Research and Development Institute. (2009). Situation of the Thai Elderly 2009. Bangkok: TQP Ltd.
Foundation of Thai Gerontology Research and Development Institute. (2010). Situation of the Thai Elderly 2010. Bangkok: TQP Ltd.
Foundation of Thai Gerontology Research and Development Institute. (2012). Situation of the Thai Elderly 2012. Nonthaburi: SS Plus Media.
Foundation of Thai Gerontology Research and Development Institute. (2016). Lesson Learned of best practices in schools and elderly clubs. E-newsletter. Retrieved February 13, 2017, from http://thaitgri.org/?p=37852
Francese, H, and Kinsella, K. (1992). Aging trend: Thailand. Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology 7 : 89-96.
Gallagher, B. (1980). The Sociology of Mental Illness. Prentice-Hall, Inc.: Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey.
Gray, R., Pattaravanich, U., Chamchan, C., and Suwannoppakoa, R. (2013). New Concept of Older Persons: The Psycho–social and Health Perspective. Bangkok: Duentula Printing House.
Gwozdz, W., and Sousa-Poza, A. (2009). Ageing, Health and Life Satisfaction of the Oldest Old: An Analysis for Germany. Germany: The Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
Havighurst, R., and Albrecht, R. (1953). Older People. New York: Longmans, Green. Headey, B., and Wearing, A. (1992). Understanding Happiness: A Theory of Subjective Well-Being. Australia: Longman Cheshire.
Herberholz, C. (2012). Expatriate Happiness in Thailand: An Exploratory Study. Chulalongkorn Journal of Economics 24 : 45-57.
Hsu, S. C., Rong, J. R., Lin, H. R., and Liu, C. Y. (2014). Effectiveness of Intergenerational Program in Improving Community Senior Citizens’ General Health and Happiness. European Scientific Journal 10(12) : 46-63.
Jung, M., Muntaner, C., and Choi, M. (2010). Factors Related to Perceived Life Satisfaction among the Elderly in South Korea. Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health 43(4) : 292-300.
Knapp, M. (1977). The activity theory of aging: an examination in the English context. Gerontologist 17 : 553-559.
Knodel, J., Prachuabmoh, V., and Chayovan, N. (2013). The Changing Well-being of Thai Elderly: An update from the 2011 Survey of Older Persons in Thailand. Chiang Mai, Thailand: HelpAge International.
Knodel, J., Teeawichitchainan, B., Prachuabmoh, V., and Pothisiri, W. (2015). The Situation of Thailand’s Older Population: An update based on the 2014 Survey of Older Persons in Thailand. US: Population Studies Center, University of Michigan.
Kuhirunyaratn, P., Pongpanich, S., Somrongthong, R., Love, E. J., and Chapman, R. S. (2007). Social Support among Elderly in Khon Kean Province, Thailand. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 38(5) : 936-946.
Kunkel, D. (1981). Age and Correlation of Life Satisfaction: Are the Elderly Different? Thesis submitted to the Graduate Faculty of Texas Tech University in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Arts.
Lemon, B. W., Bengston, V. L., and Peterson, J. A. (1972). An exploration of the activity theory of aging: Activity types and life satisfaction among in-movers to a retirement community. Journal of Gerontology 27 : 511-523.
MacKean, R., and Abbott-Chapman, J. (2011). Leisure activities as a source of informal learning for older people: The role of community-based organisations. Australian Journal of Adult Learning 51(2) : 226-247.
Marsick, V. J., and Waitkins, K. E. (2001). Informal and Incidental Learning. In Merriam, S. (editor), The new update on adult learning theory. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Mathew, M., and Leong, Y. H. T. (2014). Towards Ageing Well: Aspirations, Challenges and Initiatives. Singapore: IPS Exchange.
Merriam, S. B. (2001). Andragogy and Self-Directed Learning: Pillars of Adult Learning Theory. In Merriam, S. (editor), The new update on adult learning theory. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Merriam, S. B., and Kee, Y. (2014). Promoting Community Wellbeing: The Case for Lifelong Learning for Older Adults. Adult Education Quarterly 64(2) : 128-144.
National Statistical Office. (2013). Social Indicators 2013. Bangkok: Statistical Forecasting Bureau.
National Statistical Office. (2014). The 2014 Survey of the Older Persons in Thailand. Bangkok: Text and Journal Publication.
National Statistical Office. (2016). Report on Population Characteristics: The 2015-2016 Survey of Population Change. Bangkok: Statistical Forecasting Bureau.
Office of the National Economic. Population Projections for Thailand, 2010-2014. Retrieved October 31, 2015, from http://countryoffice.unfpa.org/thailand/drive/PopPolPlanenglishedited161112-1.pdf
Peterson, C., Park, N., and Seligman, M.E.P. (2005). Orientations to happiness and life satisfaction: The full life versus the empty life. Journal of Happiness Studies 6 : 25-41.
Pires, A. O. (2009). Higher Education and Adult Motivation towards Lifelong Learning: An Empirical Analysis of University Post-Graduates Perspectives. European Journal of Vocational Training 46(1) : 129-150.
Ratana-Ubol, A., and Richards, C. (2016). The University of the Third Age and Seniors Lifelong Learning in Thailand. In Richards, C. and Charungkaittikul, S. (editors), The Eight Pillars of Lifelong Education: Thailand Studies, Chulalongkorn University Press.
Ratana-Ubol, A., Charungkaittikul, S., and Sajjasophon, R. (2015). The Scenario of the University of the Third Age Models for Lifelong Learning of the Thai Aging Groups. Kasetsart Journal (Soc. Sci) 36 : 88 - 96.
Ratana-Ubol, A., Soopunyo, W., Pathumcharoenwattana, W., Pathumcharoenwattana, W., Kovitaya, M., and Charungkaittikul. S. (in referred). Development of Guidelines for Promoting the University of the Third Age for Lifelong Learning in Thai Aging. Bangkok: Chulalongkorn University. (Fund-Supported by Ageing Society CLUSTER Project, Chulalongkorn University, 2015).
Rojpaisarnkit, K. (2016). Factors Influencing Well-Being in the Elderly Living in the Rural Areas of Eastern Thailand. International Journal of Behavioral Science 12(2) : 31-50.
Spreitzer, E., and Snyder, E. (1974). Correlates of life satisfaction among the aged. Journal of Gerontology 29 : 454-458.
Werquin, P. (2010). Recognising Non-Formal and Informal Learning: Outcomes, Policies and Practices. France: OECD Publishing.
Wilson, W. (1967). Correlates of avowed happiness. Psychological Bulletin 67: 294-306.
Yang, C., and Hung, J. (2015). Needs of Senior Citizens Participating in the Design of University Courses. Journal of Economics, Business and Management 3(4) : 400-404.